Gyumri is the second-largest city in Armenia and is situated in the northwestern region of the country. It is the administrative center of Shirak Province and has a rich cultural heritage that dates back to the ancient times.
Gyumri was founded in the 5th century AD, during the rule of the Armenian king Vagharshak. The city was known as Kumayri until the early 19th century, when it was renamed Alexandropol.
The city was renamed Gyumri in 1992, after Armenia gained independence.
The city has a long history of being a center of trade and commerce. In the 19th century, Gyumri became a major hub for the transportation of goods between Armenia, Russia, and Georgia.
The city was also known for its rich textile industry, and many of the buildings in the city center are still adorned with intricate facades and decorations that testify to this heritage.
Gyumri is also known for its rich cultural life. The city has been home to many famous writers, artists, and musicians, and is known for its vibrant folk music and dance traditions.
The Gyumri International Biennial of Contemporary Art is one of the most important cultural events in the region, showcasing the work of local and international artists.
Unfortunately, Gyumri is also known for the devastating earthquake that struck the city in 1988. The earthquake killed over 25,000 people and destroyed much of the city's infrastructure.
Many of the buildings in the city center still bear the scars of the earthquake, and the city's population has yet to fully recover.
Despite this tragedy, Gyumri remains a vibrant and culturally rich city, and has much to offer visitors who are interested in exploring Armenia's history and culture.
Whether you're interested in ancient history, traditional arts and crafts, or contemporary art and music, Gyumri has something to offer.
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